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BLESSING TO CANADA
.|()e |itst § nglisl)
Prr.LisHED By J. N. Emra.
1877. * I
THOMAS LEEMING & CO., Agejsts.
....,.-, ol whic
500 or more I'er-
rmpressions of Cir-
Music, Office Forms,
Invitations, &e. , &c.
May ba rapidly and
very cheaply Printed
n an ordinary Copy-
ing Press direct from
a Writer's own Ma-
nuscript. Oii_- Ink-
ing seives for 500
AOKMS FOR PftOVINCX OF QUKBE :
loinw, Phillips & Bumier.
<&66om\t ©00k Maqufadtui'ei^,
375 NOTRE DAME STREET. MONTREAL.
raj \\ rj)
No 187 ST. PETER STREET,
BETWEEN ST. JAMES & CRAIG STREETS,
Military Uniforms and Highland Costumes
Jt»wJME EN SURPLUS . 9 S £p jggg
When In Montreal,
lie 1 WntUA JB,
ONE OF THE LARGEST AND MOST COM-
PLETE IN THE WORLD.
Hours of Admission. — For Gentlemen, 6 to 9 A.M.,
and 2 to 10 P.M. Ladies, 10 A.M. to 1 P.M.
GODFREY RUEL, Proprietor.
HEARN & HARRISON'S
Dpon and Marine tluus, StanosoqpBS and fa,
242 & 244 NOTRE DAME ST., MONTREAL.
50,000 DIFFERENT ARTICLES,
New, Useful and Ornamental, can be obtained for
Oil DOIiIiAB BACMs
Harper's Dollar Store,
MTRE DAM1! STREET.
HAVE YOU SEEN THE
Centennial Plaiting Machine
Does all kinds of Dress Plaiting, and will do more and better
work in one hour than can be done by hand in six.
They are indispensable to Dress-Makers, and no one should
be without one in the house. Can be seen at
S3^b3 ST. JAMES STKEET,
(Opposite Cvtawa Hotel*)
MONTREAL WOVELTY COMPANY, SOLE AGENTS.
patent ram rra
Self Acting & Self Cleansing.
Upward Filtration under
For attaching to the supply pipe In the
basement of a house, and thoroughly puri-
fying all the water passing through it.
Effectually removing animalcules, organic
matter, and all impurities so injurious to
health. Softens the water for laundry
use, gives a continuous supply of pure
wholesome water for all domestic purposes,
and requires no attention beyond the open-
ing of the cleansing tap occasionally.
B. HUTCHINS& CO.,
30 St. Francois Xavier Street,
Place d 'Jlvvnee Drug Stove
IS THE CENTRAL DEPOT FOR
Plantagenet and Carratraca Waters,
DIRECT FROM THE SPRINGS,
FOB SALE WHOLESALE AND MET AIL BY
FRANK B. STREET,
|!rt k €*M*r JStokr
IMPORTER OF GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS
IIS $t Jmes Street,
1363 ST. CATHERINE STREET, 1363
Corner BffcGill College Avenue, MONTREAL.
This Establishment is conducted on Temperance principles.
A Specialty during Season— Oakville and Georgetown Strawberries
received daily fresh from the beds, wholesale and retail.
GORDON <fc EGAN,
MBIRS h GASPITTfiBS,
120 MANSFIELD ST.,
On Wood and Metal.
Mleetroiyping db Stereotyping \
CRAIG ST., OVER "STAR" OFFICE, MONTREAL.
CUHtADA IP &Uf& rACMllY,
SURGICAL INSTRUMENT MAKER,
886 & 690 CRAIG STREET, MONTREAL
Artificial Limbs Made to Order. India Rubber Goods
of every description.
CATALOGUES OX APPLICATION.
ENSURE REST AND CLEANLINESS BY USING
Whtttjffidt'0 im'pwMd fpi0tlf#0 Jtyriig §etf,
AND MOTH PROOF MATTRESS.
WHITESIDE, JORDAN & CO., Manufacturers,
J^O, 66 pOLLEGE ^TREET, ^MONTREAL.
The Best and Cheapest Place in Town
TO BUY YOUR
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Special Discounts During the Exhibition.
New Offices : 35 & 37 Bonaventure St.
Royal Mail Line of Steamers
QUEBEC, MONTREAL, KINGSTON, TORONTO, HAMILTON,
And Intermediate Ports.
Steamer QUEBEC, - Capt J. R. Labelle.
MONTREAL, - Capt R. Nelson.
Leave daily (Sundays excepted) for Quebec, at 7 p.m.
TICKET OFFICE, where State Rooms can be secured
from R. A. Dickson, Ticket Agent, at 133 St.
James Street ; Freight Office, Canal Basin ;
and at the Ticket Office,
Foot Jacques Cartier Square.
J. B. LAMERE, ALEX. MILLOT,
General Manager. Traffic Manager.
228 Si. Paul Bireei.
393 4 395 Notre Dame Street, Montreal,
8 PATERNOSTER ROW, London, England,
The only Dry Goods Store in Montreal where cash buyers are
not made to pay the losses incurred through bad debts,
and other expenses of doing a credit business.
NO CREDIT GIVEN AT ALL.
Our Prices are much lower than other Stores. About the larges
Stock in Canada to select from.
POISON ! POISON !
■»— *■-- m* ' » > — ■
DEATH to Rats, Mice, Cockroaches,
tolis's fain dW&dnaink
One box is warranted to kill over 200 Rats, and for
Cockroaches there is nothing to equal it.
For Sale by nearly all Druggists and General Storekeepers through-
out the Dominion.
ASK FOR GOULDEN'S AND TAKE NO OTHER.
No. 175 ST. LAWRENCE STREET>
MONTREAL, P. Q.
THE INTRODUCER OF PRINTING INTO ENGLAND.
HE first English printer was born in the
County of Kent, in the year 141 2. Unlike
many whose deeds and discoveries have shed a
lustre upon the generations that succeeded them,
William Caxton was born and brought up in
what may be called a comfortable position. He
was apprenticed in boyhood to a mercei of Lon-
don, named Large, who, at his death, remembered the
future printer by a legacy of twenty marks. The great
aptitude of Caxton for business led to his being em-
ployed in important international business of a commer-
cial nature in the Low Countries. His hours of leisure
were employed in translating Raoul le Fevre's Recueil
>des Histoires de Troyes, the original of which was the
first book he printed, though, according to some, it was
preceded by The Game and Plays of the Chesse. Roy-
alty smiled upon his labors, and the Duchess of Burgundy,
it is said, assisted him in his work.
By what means Caxton learned the art of printing is
not known, but he travelled in Brabant, Holland, Flan-
ders and Zealand, and his types afterwards showed that
in these parts he learned his trade ; as his own founts of
type were what is known as " black letter," and not of
the more beautiful Roman, Venetian or Parisian patterns.
Uncertain as are all the dates in connection with the
history of the subject of our sketch, it is not known pre-
cisely when he returned to his native land ; but it is gen-
erally supposed that he brought the art of printing into
England in the year 1474, at which time he was becom-
ing an old man. He took up his residence in the vicin-
ity of Westminster Abbey, set up a printing press, and
between this time and his death, in 1491 or 1492, printed
and published no less than sixty-four works, an enumer-
ation of the quaint titles of which would probably be
wearisome to the reader. The Arte and Crafte to Knowe
Well to Dye may be taken as a fair specimen of the pe-
culiarity of these works.
Caxton, by translating a great number of books from
the French, greatly contributed to promote the state of
literature in England ; and in type founding, the fact of
his making rapid strides is attested by his having used
five distinct founts of letters. His original letter is de-
scribed by Edward Rowe Mores to have been of the sort
called " Secretary." Afterwards he came nearer to the
" English " face. He used three founts of " Great
Primer," one of " Double Pica," and one of " Long
Primer." These types very nearly agreed with the bodies
which have since been so designated. All his works,
however, as has been remarked, were printed in what is
known as " black letter."
The two largest collections of the productions of
Caxton's press now known are those in the British Mus-
eum and in Earl Spencer's library at Althorp.
From the evidence of Wynkyn de Worde, it appears
.that on the last day of William Caxton's life he finished
the translation from French into English of the Lives of
the Fathers. He was in every sense a man of business,
of sobriety, and of indomitable perseverance ; a man
whose career has shone with a great light on the path-
way of many succeeding aspirants to typographical fame ;
and let us trust that now, at the time of the celebration
in the transatlantic city of Montreal of the four hun-
dredth anniversary of his introduction of the " art pre-
servative of all arts" into England, the memory of his
life and labors may act as a stimulus to the present gen-
eration to strive to perform thoroughly, and with progress
always in view, their duty to God and their fellow-men.
By entries in the parish records of St. Margaret,
Westminster, these items may be read :
" Item : atte bureyng of William Caxton, for iiij.
torches vj.s viij.d. Item : for the belle at same Burey-
NO MORE GRAY HAIRS.
WILL RESTORE 6RAY HAIR TO ITS NATURAL COLOR.
The truth in all cases is too well established to deny the satisfactory results
produced in restoring gray to its natural color by LUBY'S PARISIAN HAIR
REN EWER, as can be attested by many persons whose hair has prematurely turned
gray. Try it and prove its efficacy, rt is most agreeably perfumed, and will not soil
the skin or most delicate fabric, and is quite a favorite from its superior qualities
over all other preparations of its kind in use. A few applications as an ordinary
dressing, after which once a week will suffice. In large bottles, fifty oents. For sale
by all Chemists.
NO TOILET TABLE SHOU LD BE WITHOUT IT.
Those who have used it, speak well of it.
Those who condemn it, know nothing of it.
DEViNS & BOLTON, Chemists,
Agents for the Dominion of Canada,
TVJEXT THE COURT HOUSE, Montreal.
DEVJ IMS' VEGETABLE.
Approved of by the Medical Faculty, as the safest and most effective
remedy known, for worms in children or adults.
SOLD BY MOST DRUGGISTS AND GROCERS.
We will forward by mail, post paid, to any address in Canada, on
receipt of 25 cents, a box of Devins' Worm Pastilles.
DEVINS & BOLTON, Chemist?,
Next the Court House, Montreal.
Is endorsed and prescribed by the Leading Physicians throughout the country ,,
as the best preparation known for all disturbed conditions of the stomach, and is
greatly superior to Calcined and Carbonate Magnesia. It immediately and certainly
Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Heartburn, Sour Stomach, and
Headaches caused by acidity of the stomach.
The pleasant taste and milk-like smoothness of this preparation renders it very
valuable for infants, requiring no persuasion to induce them to take it. It positively
prevents food souring on the stomach, and will act as a laxative when U6ed as
directed. It is also peculiarly adapted to females.
MILK OP MAGNESIA immediately correots bad taste in the mouth, and render*
impure breath sweet and agreeable.
Ladies onee using this preparation will find it of such real value as to make it a
standard remedy in every house.
FOR SAL.E BY ALX. DRUGGISTS.
DEVINS & BOLTON, Chemists,
NEXT THE COURT HOUSE, MONTREAL.
GMNJEMAIL AGENTS FOB, THE UOMINION.
SAWE YOIRGHJLDBEI !
TO MOTHERS & NORSES
la the formula of an experienced Family Physician, and is now universally employed
in all cases of Teething Pains. Loss of Sleep, Convulsions, Colic, Dysenterv, &c. It
onlv requires to be tried to be appreciated, as those who have used it recommend
it to others.
SOIiD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
DEVINS & BOLTON, Apothecaries' Hall,
J^EXT THE pOURT j^OUSE, ^MONTREAL,
THE SONG OF THE PRINTER
Pick and click
Goes the type in the stick,
As the printer stands at his case ;
His eyes glance quick, and his fingers pick
The type at a rapid pace ;
And one by one as the letters go,
Words are piled up steady and slow —
Steady and slow,
But still they grow,
And words of fire they soon will glow ;
Wonderful words, that without a sound
Traverse the earth to its utmost bound ;
Words that shall make
The tyrant quake,
And the fetters of the oppress'd shall break ;
Words that can crumble an army's might,
Or treble its strength in a righteous fight.
Yet the type they look but leaden and dumb,
As he puts them in place with finger and thumb ^
But the printer smiles,
And his work beguiles,
By chanting a song as the letters he piles,
With pick and click,
Like the world's chronometer, tick ! tick ! tick
O, where is the man with such simple tools
Can govern the world like I ?
With a printing press, an iron stick,
And a little leaden die,
With paper of white, and ink of black,
I support the Right, and the Wrong attack.
Say, where is he, or who may he be,
That can rival the printer's power ?
To no monarchs that live the wall doth he give —
Their sway lasts only an hour ;
While the printer still grows, and God only knows
When his might shall cease to tower !
A PRINTER'S EPITAPH.
No more shall copy bad perplex my brain,
No more shall type's small face my eyeballs strain ;
No more the proof's foul page create me troubles,
By errors, transpositions, outs and doubles :
No more my head shall ache from authors' whims,
As overrunnings, driving-outs, and ins ;
The sturdy pressman's frown I now may scoff,
Revised, corrected, finally wrought off.
THE ART PRESERVATIVE OF ALL ARTS.
ONTREAL commemorates to-day the
four hundredth anniversary of the grand-
est discovery in science that the world has
It is strange that the art of printing, per-
petuating as it does, all other arts and
sciences, should not have been able to hand
down to posterity the name of its discoverer.
Haerlem, in Holland, and Mentz and Strasburg, in
Germany, all claim the honor of having been the birth-
place of typography ; and it would seem that one Lauren-
tius, sometimes called Coster, living in Haerlem, has as
good a claim as any one to the honor of the discovery,
about A. D. 1429. Laurentius was rich and practised
printing in its original rude state, with wooden type, never
attempting to cast types in metal.
Laurentius employed two servants, brothers, by the
name of Geinfleisch, the younger of whom was distin-
guished by the name of Gutenberg. The elder of the
two took advantage of his acquired knowledge of print-
ing to steal a large part of his master's types on a Christ-
mas eve, when the festival was at its height. He ab-
sconded with his ill-gotten plunder, a few miserably cut
wooden blocks, the first beginnings of the art that was so
soon to shake the world with its significance, and set up
a printing concern at Mentz. Here he was assisted by
John Fust, alias Faust, who shared the profits with him.
The younger brother, Gutenberg, also joined the partner-
ship, and the three earnestly strove to attain the art of
making metal types with cut faces. After much labor,
they succeeded, and in 1450 a part of the Bible was issued
from their press.
In 1456, one Peter Schceffer, an ingenious man, com-
pleted the invention of metallic types by casting them
with faces, complete, instead of first casting the shank
and afterwards engraving the letters on them. Faust
was so much pleased that he gave Schceffer his only-
daughter in marriage. From this time the knowledge and
practice of printing were gradually extended through
several countries. Caxton set up his press in London,
and others were established in Boulogne, Paris and Rome,
which made rapid strides towards the improvement of
the work they undertook.
PRINTING IN AMERICA.
The first press introduced into America,was at Mexico
about the year 1540, and the next at Lima, Peru, in
Cambridge, Mass., is entitled to the distinction of
having the first printing press in the United States, which
published the Bay Psalm Book in 1640. The first book
issued in the Middle Colonies was an Almanac printed
in 1685 by William Bradford, near Philadelphia. Brad-
ford lived to a great age as a printer, and did much to
introduce the art into this country.
The first newspaper in America was the Boston News
Letter, which was issued by John Campbell in 1704, and
was published for seventy'two years. James Franklin,
an elder brother of Benjamin, established the New Eng-
land Courant in 1 7 2 1 .
In Montreal alone there are to day more than thirty
printing establishments, in some of which the perfected
machinery presents an astonishing example of the progress
now attained in rapidly supplying the world with news
by means of the printing press. The working of the
Witness 8-cylinder press is a sight that will long be re-
membered by visitors to that successful and well-managed
SPECIMENS OF DIFFERENT FOUNTS OF TYPE
GREAT PRIMER,— There
are nine newspaper proprietors in
the English House of Commons.
ENGLISH. — Caxton Anniversary Exhi-
bition, Montreal, Jane 26th, 1877.
PICA. — Peter the Great was the founder and
editor of the first newspaper ever known in
SMALL PICA. — Authors of books and pamphlets
should have their work seen through the press
by J. N. EMRA, 35 Bonaventure St., Montreal ; thus
saving time, labor and typographical errors, and en-
suring low charges by having the various processes
facilitated by professional supervision.
LONG PRIMER.— Charles Dickens, Jr., is now the
chief partner in a London printing establishment.
BOURGEOIS,— The Caxton Committee have brought to a
successful issue a difficult undertaking.
BREVIER. — New York city has 401 papers and periodicals, Phila-
delphia 134, and Boston 122.
MINION.— It is a singular fact that a man who don't believe in
advertising, does believe most profoundly in getting himself and busi-
ness mentioned in the local paper every time he gets a chance without
costing him anything. — Bridgeport Standard.
NONPAREIL— In good times advertising makes business better
and in bad ones, less bad. That business which is not capable of exten-
sion deserves to die out, like the snuff of an old-fashioned candle, and
the men who are " doing enough," and won't have help to increase their
profits, should make way altogether for others.
AGATE.— A prominent journal asserts that " nine out of ten newspapers are now
running on their expectations of better times, and that not more than one in ten par
PEARL.— Mr. J. N. EMRA, 35 Bonaventure St, gives estimates for every variety of print-
ing, from an octavo volume to a business card : and by preparing the copy, reading and revis-
ing the proofs, and bringing the work satisfactorily to completion, saves time, labor and
DON'T PATRONISE STORES
NO FIXED PRICES
You can not be sure of getting fair value for
your money, if you do.
JOLLY &, VENNING,
223 St Lawrence Street,
THE ONE PRICE STORE.
GALLERY OF AMT.
Rich Collections of Coins, Bronzes, Minerals, Precious
Stones, Antiquities, Curiosities, &c.
BEAUTIFUL LIFE-SIZED MODELS of CELEBRITIES.
Oxy.-Hyd. Magic Lantern, Microscope, Polariscope,
MUSIC BY LEADING ARTISTS.
Tickets 25 Cts., Children 10 Cts.; received in payment
of Goods purchased at the Grand Bazaar.
OPEN DAILY FROM 10 A.M. TIIiL, 10 P.M.
301 NOTRE DAME ST., MONTREAL.
Made, and only made in Montreal by
A FINE LOT OF
OF THE ART AT
51 BLEURY STREET.
Royal Mail Line Steamers
Passengers leave Bonaventure Depot, Montreal, by
7 A. M., or 5 P. M., trains for Lachine to connect with
Steamers for Ottawa and intermediate ports.
Tourists will find this the most picturesque route in
Daily Excursions returning via Lachine Rapids.
To Carillon and Back — one fare — leave by 7 A. M.,
Train for Lachine.
To St. Annes, by rail, return by Steamer,
To Lachine and return, via Rapids : Leave by 3.30
P. M. train.
FARE S>0 Cts.
Mm Wm illPnii!
Names, Business, and Address of every Firm or
Person doing business in Montreal.
PRICF, - - $1.00.
CHEAP SHEET MUSIC !
Songs and Instrumental pieces with piano accompaniment, at 5c and 10c a
piece. Don't pay 30 or 40 cents for Sheet Music, when you can get it just as nicely
got up for 10 cents. People at a distance will please send for a Catalogue. Country
orders promptly attended to.
L. E. Rivard also deals in Second Hand Books. Song Books, Newspapers, Ma
gazines. Postage Stamps, Pictures and Frames, Stereoscopic Views, Stationery
Fancy Goods, etc., etc.
L, E. RIVARD, 614 Craig Street,
Rear St. Lawrence Hall, between St. Francois-Xavier and St. George Sts., Montreal.
TownshencFs Pure Bedding,
1 — » ■
Spring and Wair Mattresses,
Feather Beds, Bolsters and Pillows,
39 BONAVENTURE STREET,
NEXT THE WITNESS OFFICE.
Books, ^GSIKISLl J ^ Panting,
Pamphlets, fges Bto ^'" ^ eac ^ s '
Circulars, *^g| B?^ ? Cards.
The public is aware of the inconvenience, delays, extra
expense, and annoying mistakes resulting from the ignorance
or want of 'observance of technical rules by Authors, Adver-
tisers, Compilers of Reports, and all connected with Print-
ing or Publishing in any of the hundred forms demanded by
the necessities of the present day .
With the view of obviating in some degree these drawbacks,
and to ensure perfect satisfaction between the printer and his
customer, Mr. f. N. EMRA sees through the press all
the work committed to his care. The " Copy " is prepared,
proofs read and revised, and all details scrupulously
Mr. EMRA especially desires to call attention to the fact
that his clients reap the advantage of having their work done
at low rates in this manner, the various processes being so
much facilitated by professional supervision.
Instructions are called for in any part of the city
immediately on receipt of a request at the office, 35 St. Bonaven-
ture Street, Montreal.
Sun Hats! Sun Hats!
jaSto 1 ||itktel0t|iitg!
" MILLIIERT, FLOWERS, RIBBONS, tc,
LADIES' FANCY WORK!
A Choice Stock of the above.
Jfc Ball EespeutfuUg Solicited.
127 BLETOY STREET,
Second Door from Dorchester.
&arge assortment of Furniture) Bifxce ®£sks,
Iron and Wood Caskets and Coffins, Wholesale and Retail.
\^ m Office and School Furniture a Specialty.
Factory: St. Gabriel Locks.
LITERARY CUEI0SIT7. "
Rare and complete Venetian Edition of Tasso's Works, date,
1738, in good preservation ; 8 volumes, octavo, hot-pressed paper.
The first volume of this edition being on exhibition at Mechanics'
Hall during the celebration of the Caxton Anniversary, any intending
purchaser has the opportunity of inspecting it there. As shewing the
peculiar completeness of this edition, attention is directed to the com-
prehensive nature of the tables at the end, enumerating the beauties of
the Poet, the graces of his style, as well as the figures of speech he
employs and the notable events he refers to.
Also a valuable edition of Virgil's Life and Works (Amsterdam,
Jac. Wetstentium), date 17 . Fullest particulars may be obtained
at any time from
J. N. EMRA, Agent,
35 Bona venture Street.
ST. JAMES and NOTRE DAME STREETS,
FIRST CLASS IN EVERY RESPECT.
C. S. BROWNE,
J. Q. PERLEY, ' Proprietors.
Solicitors of Patents,
162 ST. JAMES STREET,
STEAMERS LEAVE NEW YORK
For Liverpool, Glasgow and Belfast,
First and Second Passage at very Low Rates.
D. WATERS, Agent,
126 St. James St., .MONTREAL.
Jot) G. Thsmpson & k
Ce volume doit etre rendu a la derniere
date indiquee ci-dessous.
This book must be returned to the last date
W. DRYSDALE & CO.,
Bookseller^ Stationers and Periodical Agents,
232 ST. JAMES STREET,
NEXT DOOR TO SAVAGE, LYMAN & CO.,
Have on Ik ■•><] a cnoice as.- orlment of
BIBLES AND PRAYER BOOKS,
Stereoscopic Views in great variety,
AHT LOWEST PRICES_
2&f£ St. James Street, Montreal.
Mil II W
192 & 104 ST, JOSEPH STREET
Chaboillez Sq., Montreal.
Visiters to the City, as well as citizens generally, will save
Money by buying their Boors and Shoes at
WM® IP#pmtop Mmm MtevOf
192 & 194 ST. JOSEPH STREET,
Chaboillez Sq., Montreal.
\Vitvk^ PurNTmG li :> Bo.vavb.vturb Street.